FAQ

 

Frequently asked questions about Olive Oil

 

In this section, Pago de los Centenarios explain some interesant aspects that may help us when buying olive oil.

What types of olive oils exits? What are the differences between them?

What determines the difference in the price between extra virgin oil and others?

What is an early harvest olive oil? Why is it so fashionable?

What is olive oil without filtering? What changes in the process?

What is extra virgin olive oil?

What is virgin olive oil?

What is a refined olive oil?

What is a pomace olive oil?

Why is olive oil better than other types of oils, such as sunflower for example?


What types of olive oils exits? What are the differences between them?

Olive oil which is ready for human consumption can be distinguished between: Extra virgin olive oil, virgin olive oil, refined olive oil and pomace olive oil.

They are different because of the different qualities and the pureness of the oils, which is determined by the oils properties and nutrients. The principal attribute for an olive oil to be categorized as one type or another, depends on its acidity, following this criteria:

  1. Extra virgin olive oil: The acid of the oleic acid doesn’t exceed more than 0,8 grams per 100g
  2. Virgin olive oil: The acid in the oleic acid doesn’t exceed more than 2 grams per 100grs

    Refined olive oil: The acid in the oleic acid doesn’t exceed more than 0,3 grams per 100gr 

 
  •  

What determines the difference in the price between extra virgin oil and others?

We understand that if an olive oil is considered extra virgin, this oil has a greater quality and pureness. All the oils considered as extra virgin can follow different procedures, but will always have to follow and respect the standards, which allows them to earn its place in this category.

Other factors which influence the quality of the oil, such as the harvest of the olive, for example, is if the olive has been picked up off the ground or picked from the olive tree, etc. 

These are the type of factors that determine different types of flavors, colors and prices of the oils. For example, the cost of the production of an early harvest extra virgin olive oil differs from the production of a seasonal extra virgin olive oil and of an extra virgin olive oil without filtering.

The processes are different; the amount of olives needed is different from one production to another.

There are other aspects that make the olives price lower, the oil from the early days of the harvest generally comes from olives which have been picked directly from the tree, and therefore, the oil will be of a better quality and its flavor will be stronger than if it comes from the last days of the harvest.

It is similar to what happens with wine. There are some wines which belong to the same category and have the same standards, for example, to be considered as a vintage wine, but they may not cost the same. Something similar happens with olive oil.

 

What is an early harvest olive oil? Why is it so fashionable?

We refer to early harvest extra virgin olive oil, because the olive is collected from the tree when it is not fully ripe; which means, before it has produced the maximum amount of olive oil it can produce.

We obtain a fruit with different organoleptic properties, which means; less oil per olive, but richer in taste and aroma. At the same time, the color of the oil is usually greener, rather than yellowish.

Even though this type of oil is fashionable, it’s just another way of obtaining oil which is richer in taste and aroma. It has nothing to envy from extra virgin olive oils we already know; they are different types of extra virgin oils with different characteristics.

 

What is olive oil without filtering? What changes in the process?

Olive oil without filters, in the case of Pago de los Centenarios, refers to the oil, once it has been extracted from the olive tree, which goes through a slight filtering process. This way, we remove the impurities, from which we obtain oil with a cloudy aspect and as time goes by, it will leave grounds at the bottom of the bottle.

Its distillation process is lower than the rest of oils, and gives the oil its special characteristics we enjoy so much, making it pure and natural, with a great variety of flavours.


What is extra virgin olive oil?

Our extra virgin olive oil, which we call liquid gold, is the pure juice of the olive which is extracted immediately after it is recollected. This process, throughout mechanical procedures, filtering and distillation, allows us to obtain oil without any impurities, of a golden colour with a natural and pure flavour.

 

What is virgin olive oil?

The quality of virgin oil is very high, although its biological parameters don’t have the standards to be considered extra virgin oil; the amount of acidity allowed. This is why we refer to it as “virgin” and not extra virgin. It is cheaper and is mainly recommended for frying and cooking good quality food.

 

What is a refined olive oil?

Refined olive oil, because of its properties, such as its acidity, isn’t appropriate for human consumption; therefore it is put through a chemical process, to get rid of its harmful properties. The refined process can be full or partial, depending on the quantity of harmful properties the oil has.

This oil can’t be considered to be extra virgin, because it is in contact with organic solvents and loses vitamins and antioxidants. If it is going to be sold, it has to be mixed with extra virgin olive oil, which makes the oil a refined type of oil. 


What is a pomace olive oil?

The pomace olive oil is the result of the mixture of refined pomace oil, which comes from the refined pomace oil, obtained from the grinding of the olive and of the virgin oil or extra virgin oil. The regulation states that the acidity of this oil can’t exceed 1º in oleic acid.

 

Why is olive oil better than other types of oils, such as sunflower for example?

Mainly because of its nutrients and beneficial properties, which are beneficial for our health. This doesn’t mean that other oils don’t have beneficial properties, but olive oil is richer in nutrients and more complete and is a better choice for our health. For more information, check out our health section.


We hope we have helped you find out the differences and benefits of olive oil. If you wish to know more or you haven’t found the answer you were looking for, please contact us! 

We will update our blog regularly and you can also follow us on our Facebook, Twitter and Instagram pages to find out more!